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2014年高二下学期期中英语试题带答案含听力

时间:2018-01-07 15:48来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
核心导读: 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间 第一部分:听力(
核心导读: 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间

 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. How will the man go to Chicago?
A. By bus.     B. By air.     C. By car.
2. What does the woman think of the skirt?
   A. It’s too expensive.   B. It’s fashionable.   C. She dislikes the style.
3. How long will it take the speakers to go to the play?

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   A. Half an hour.    B. An hour.    C. One hour and a half.
4. What does the man go to Wimbledon to do every year?
   A. Watch tennis matches.  B. Play tennis matches.   C. Watch baseball matches.
5. Where did the man go last weekend?
   A. To the lake.    B. To the mountains.  C. To the city center.
第二节 (共15小题;每题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What is the relationship between the speakers?
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  A. Teacher and students.  B. Classmates.    C. Colleagues.
7. What does the man think of Miss White?
  A. She was too critical.  B. She was honest.   C. She was right.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
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8. Why does the man eat so much junk food?
  A. He likes it.    B. He’s too busy to have meals. C. It’s cheap.
9. What’s the man’s problem?
  A. He is too fat.     B. He often feels tired.  C. He can’t sleep well.
10. What does the doctor ask the man to do?
  A. Take some medicines.  B. Do more exercises.  C. Follow the booklet.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. Why can’t the woman’s mom look after her kids any more?
  A. Her kids are naughty.   B. Her mother is old.  C. Her mother has got a job.
12. What do the man’s kids do after school?
  A. Join the after-school program. B. Do homework at home. C. Play at school. zxzyw.cn
13. At what time does the man go to pick up his kids?
  A. 6:00.     B. 7:00.     C. 6:30.
 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分30分)
第一节:多项选择 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
21. Having created a lot of vivid characters in the best-selling books, he won the ________ of booklovers all over the world.
   A. comprehension       B. affection        C. satisfaction        D. congratulation
22. As a two-winner in the Venice International  Film Festival, he has all the right ________ to become the Best Director of China.
   A. desperation          B. qualification     C. attraction          D. distribution

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23. Mo Yan, the Nobel Prize winner for literature, _________ the conventional writing style and advocates his unique way of writing.
   A. improves            B. abandons       C. drags              D. conserves
24. With economy developing at great speed, our city has ______ quite a few changes in recent years.
   A. witnessed            B. accumulated     C. established         D. introduced
25. In an interview Beckham admitted that he couldn’t __ his six-year-old son Brooklyn’s maths homework and had to turn to his former Spice Girls pop star wife Victoria to help out.
A. dry out           B. hear out         C. work out         D. stick out 内容来自z@x@z@y@w.cn
26. Traditionally, Chinese people _______ the Chinese characters Double Happiness and stick them onto walls or doors for weddings.   
A. cut down    B. cut off     C. cut up      D. cut out
 第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Getting kids interested in science at an early age is very important. It’s  31   than you think. Science does not have to be something   32  . Most parents believe that they can’t help their children with   33  . But you don’t need an advanced scientific degree to teach young children science. All you need is to   34    and take the time to encourage their natural   35   .
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   You can help by having a positive attitude toward science   36  . Then start simply by asking your child   37    about the things you see every day. And then listen to their answers without judging, which will improve their   38    and help you determine just your child does or does not   39  .
   You can turn every day   40   into science projects. Try baking a cake and asking why does the cake rise? What   41   if you forget to put in some ingredient? Different kids have different interests   42   they need different kinds of science projects. A rock collection may interest your young daughter but your older son may need something more involved.   43   , it’s not hard to find plenty of fun projects.
   Choose activities that are the right level of   44   ---- not too easy nor too hard. If you are not sure, pick something easier since you don’t want to   45   a child. 本¥文¥来$自$中$学%资zxzyw.cn源网
   Read the suggeste d ages on any projects, books or toys labels, but then   46  that the activity is appropriate for your child.
   Consider how well the type of project   47   your child’s personality and learning style. Is the project meant to be done alone or in a   48  ? Will it require adult help?
   Let your child help choose the project or activity. It’s easy enough to ask.   49   overwhelm (强加)them, suggest 2 or 3 possibility. When a child picks something they are interested in, they will enjoy it and learn more   50   it.
   Go ahead. Try it and see for yourself how easy it is to spark the interest of a child.
31. A. harder B. earlier C. later D. easier
32. A. mysterious B. ridiculous C. fascinating D. apparent
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33. A. art B. maths C. science D. music
34. A. ask B. give C. tell D. try
35. A. trust B. patience C. curiosity D. courage
36. A. himself B. yourself C. themselves D. herself
37. A. questions B. comments C. explanations D. remarks
38. A. enthusiasm B. sympathy C. fortune D. confidence
39. A. respect B. envy C. know D. support
40. A. habits B. customs C. activities D. foods
41. A. happens B. continues C. fails D. serves
42. A. but B. so C. and D. or
43. A. Fortunately B. Sadly C. Strangely D. Gradually
44. A. possibility B. difficulty C. content D. theme zxzyw.cn,中学资源网
45. A. disgust B. shock C. disturb D. discourage
46. A. care for B. turn to  C. make sure D. suffer from
47. A. wins B. matches C. reaches D. doubts
48. A. team B. troop C. bus D. room
49. A. Less than B. More than C. Rather than D. What’s worse
50. A. among B. beyond C. from D. between zxzyw.cn,中学资源网

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
A woman Vicki once knew a young person named Susan at church. Susan always seemed happy, although Vicki knew she had faced struggles in her life. Her long-awaited marriage had quickly ended in divorce, but her whole face seemed to smile.
One day Vicki asked Susan,“How is it that you are always so happy, you have so much energy, and you never seem to get down?”
    With her eyes smiling, Susan said,“I know the secret!”
   “What secret is that? What are you talking about?”Vicki asked.
    Susan replied,“The secret is this: I have learned there is little I can do in my life that will make me truly happy. I must depend on God to make me happy and meet my needs. When a need arises in my life, I have to trust God to supply according to HIS riches. I have learned most of the time I don’t need half of what I think I do. He has never let me down. Since I learned that secret, I am happy.” 本¥文¥来$自$中$学%资¥源¥网
    Vicki thought first, “That’s too simple!” But upon reflecting over her own life, she remembered how she thought a bigger house would make her happy, but it didn’t! She thought a better-paying job would make her happy, but it didn’t. When did she realize her greatest happiness? Sitting on the floor with her grandchildren, playing games, eating pizza or reading a story, this is a simple gift from God.
51. What do we know about Susan?
   A. She lived a very happy life with her family.
   B. She always wore a pretended smile on her face.
   C. She had her own share of trouble in life.
   D. She could overcome every difficulty in life.
 
B
Where have all the bicycles gone? Getting that first two-wheeler used to be one of childhood’s most exciting moments. It meant an expansion of the child’s world. The opportunity to travel beyond one’s street and meet friends at the playground, ball field, or just go to someone’s house on your own was an exciting new stage of independence. It also meant lots of exercise. 中学资源网,完全免费的中学资源网站
But bicycle sales are decreasing. Now, less than half of the children aged 7⁃11 regularly ride a bike. This is a serious change in the culture of our children’s lives.
But it is not just the crazy schedule of parents or the increased temptation of “screens”----- TV, video games, computers-----to play with. Another factor is playing a bigger role in the narrowing world of children. Surveys indicate parents fear that if they allow their children to roam ( 闲逛) freely about the town, those children may be abducted (诱拐) by strangers. School playgrounds are no longer safe places to hang out. The woods are no longer a  great place t o explore.
Parents couldn’t be more wrong. In fact, there are only 100--130 stranger abductions a year in the U.S. Besides, 75% of all abductions are carried out by people the child knows, most of which are done by divorced parents who are upset about custody (监护) arrangements. You and your child are three times more likely to be hit by lightning at a soccer game than your child is likely to experience a stranger abduction! zxzyw.cn
Children running free are very safe. Not only safe, but these children are learning to make creative use of their time, being physically active, and improving their social skills. Now what more could you ask for?
Don’t just shake your head and smile, as many parents do today, when your child tend to use instant messaging to talk to her friend next door. Turn off the computer and send her next door! Consider it a pleasure to yell down the street or call a friend to find your child at dinnertime. Let’s make bicycles something special for children once again.
 
58. The purpose of the passage is to _____.
A. call on people to ride bicycles
B. advise parents to let their children ride more
C. change parents’ attitude towards riding bicycles
D. encourage children to play outdoors more

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C
In a recent study, participants were asked to drink beer from either a straight-sided glass, or a curved“beer glass”. People took about almost twice as long to finish when drinking alcoho l from the straight-sided glass, compared with the curved glass. There was no difference in drinking rates from the glasses when the drink was nonalcoholic.
People may drink their alcohol faster from curved glasses because it is more difficult to accurately judge the halfway point of these glasses, the researchers concluded. As a result, drinkers may be less able to measure how much they have consumed. “People often talk of‘pacing themselves’when drinking alcohol as a means of controlling levels of drunkenness, but I think the important point to take from our research is that the ability to pace effectively may be compromised when d rinking from certain types of glasses,”said study researcher Angela Attwood of the University of Bristol’s School of Experimental Psychology in the United Kingdom.

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In another experiment, participants completed a computer task in which they were shown pictures of two glasses containing varying volumes of liquid, and asked to judge whether each glass was more, or less, than half-full. The researchers found people made greater errors in judging the halfway point of the curved glass.
   “The participants who showed the greatest error in these judgments also tended to show the greatest changes in their drinking rates,” the researchers said.“The speed at which people drink alcohol influences their level of intoxication (迷醉), and the number of drinks they consume on an occasion. Therefore, slowing down is likely to have a positive impact for the individual, and also at a population level.”
59. If a man finishes drinking alcohol from a curved glass in 30 minutes, from a same-volumed straight glass, he will spend _____.
A. about 15 minutes   B. about 60 minutes   C. about 45 minutes   D. about 25 minutes

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60. According to the passage, the experiment shows that _____.
A. curved glasses mislead people’s judgment
B. people differ greatly when judging the same glass
C. people do computer tasks poorly after drinking
D. the type of liquid influences people’s thinking
61. What advice do the researchers give drinkers?
A. Use a curved“beer glass”.                B. Drink at a slower pace.
C. Drink with positive people.                 D. Try different types of alcohol.
62. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Shape may influence your drinking           B. Curved glass is out of date
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C. Drink less for your health                   D. Drinkers favor a different type of glass 本¥文¥来$自$中$学%资zxzyw.cn源网

D
Breakfast for Learning (BFL) is proud to honor Vince McCormack of Ontario as the 2013 recipient(接受者) of the national BFL Volunteer Award for Inspiration and Leadership. The annual award recognizes a person that is making an outstanding impact in the area of child nutrition by helping to ensure all children are well-nourished (营养良好) and ready to learn.
Vince McCormack had been the nutrition coordinator (协调人) at George Harvey Collegiate Institute’s Jump Start breakfast program since its inception (起初) in 2003. Vince’s nutrition program not only feeds approximately 80 students a healthy breakfast each day of the school week, it also provides students with an opportunity to develop leadership skills, heighten their self-esteem, and build a sense of community.
    Since 2003, the program has served 85,000 meals, and projects reaching an incredible milestone (里程碑)of 100,000 meals served by next year. Vince uses the nutrition program as an opportunity for students to volunteer and give back to their school, and as a mentorship program for students to have an opportunity for personal grow. 中学资源网,完全免费的中学资源网站
    Due to his passion and dedication(奉献)to child nutrition, Vince (高中www.gaozhong.cc/)helped to establish a garden at the school to increase their-sustaining(提供营养的) abilities, and uses ingredients from  the garden in his meals as often as possible. Over his 9 years of involvement, Vince has gone above and beyond as a school nutrition coordinator, advocate for child nutrition, and as a support to his community.
    Breakfast for Learning is proud to have a child nutrition champion like Vince McCormack! Vince has become an Integral part of his school community, providing much more to his students beyond a warm meal in the morning. His enthusiasm and dedication make him irreplaceable to both George Harvey, and to the community at large.
 
 E
   The Original London Sightseeing Tour----Hop On Hop Off

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   “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford.” ---- Dr Samuel Johnson(1709-1784)
   Duration: 24 Hours pass
   Welcome to London and welcome to The Original Tour. Providing more than just a great way to travel around the capital, founded nearly 60 years ago at the time of The Festival of Britain. The Original Tour is now the largest and most popular sightseeing operator in the world.
   The Original Tour has been regarded as the basic introduction to London. You are invited to experience all the magical sights and sounds of London in a comfortable and safe environment.
   There is a full commentary (讲解) in English and a choice of six other languages on selected routes. Live English-speaking guides appear on the yellow route service. Your tour tickets are completely unrestricted (不受限制的). Each route makes frequent stops ----- simply hop off where you want to and return to the same stop to continue your tour. zxzyw.cn,中学资源网
   You can relax and enjoy the tour while your children are entertained and informed by the highly praised “Kids’ Club” commentary and their free London activity packs. “Kid’s Club” is featured on the red route service. 
   Your ticket includes a free Thames River cruise (巡游). You can choose between a 24-hour river cruise hopper pass and a 50-minute circular tour depending on the time you have.
67. The Original Tour is ________.
   A. a tourist guides organization               B. a travel magazine
   C. a public transport system                  D. a bus tour company
68. Dr Samuel Johnson’s words are put at the beginning of the advertisement to ______. 本¥文¥来$自$中$学%资¥源¥网
   A. show the excellence of The Original London Tour
   B. draw the readers’ attention
   C. tell the readers about the bright side of London
   D. prove the writer’s opinion
69. The underlined words “hop off” mean _________.
   A. get off            B. take off          C. put off            D. turn off
70. Which  is correct among the following descriptions about The Original Tour?
   A. There is a commentary in 7 languages on all the routes.
   B. Tourists with children had better choose the yellow route.
   C. A ticket holder can choose a 24-hour or 50-minute cruise for free.
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D. There are not English-speaking guides on all the routes.
 
第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分50分)
第一节:完成句子(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)    
 根据汉语意思,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子。
71. I’m really sorry _________________________ your bike. I’ll pay to get it repaired. (break)
   实在对不起,把你的自行车弄坏了。我会花钱去修的。
72. The first thing ______________________ was that everyone looked unhappy that morning. (aware)
   那天早上我注意到的第一件事是每个人看起来都不高兴。
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73. _____________________ his success, I went to my desk and went on with my work. (congratulate)
   我祝贺了他的成功,然后回到书桌前,继续我的工作。
74. Afraid of danger in the street at night, she had to go home with __________________ her. (accompany)
   她害怕晚上在街上会有危险,就让一个朋友陪着她回家去。
75. The noise outside ______________________ for me to concentrate on my work. (make)
   外面的噪音使我没法集中心思工作。
76. ___________________________ the school life makes his parents comfortable. (adjust)
   这个学生已经适应了学校生活,使他的父母很欣慰。
77. ___________________ to school after an absence, I felt stupid because I was behind the others in my studies. (time)
   每次我缺课后返回学校时,我就因学习落后而觉得自己很笨。

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78. From the pictures on the Internet, the village is very beautiful, in front of which ___________________. (flow)
   从网上的图片来看,这个村庄非常美丽,它的前面流淌着一条小河。
79. Jack ______________________ the game if he didn’t have to look after his baby sister. (join)
   杰克若不是要照看妹妹就会跟我们一起玩游戏了。
80. ________________________ all the necessary information that I knew what to write in my report. (sort)
   通过整理所有必要的信息我才知道要在报告中写什么。

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第二节:短文写作(共1小题,满分30分)
请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。
There is an old saying that chance favors the prepared mind. For those who aren’t prepared, even if they have a lot of chances, they won’t catch them, let alone the chances in such fierce competition.
注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;
②除诗歌外,文体不限;
③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例;
④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;
      ⑤词数不少于120, 如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
 
 
书面表达:
One possible version:
It is universally known that opportunity is important, but you could not seize it without being  equipped with competitive forces, with which you could approach success.

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One year ago, I studied in a high school and whenever I failed an exam, I felt frustrated and thought it was a bad luck that contributed to my failure. At that time, when my father asked me whether I had prepared for the exam  and mastered the basic knowledge or not, I felt ashamed and couldn’t say a single word. From then on, I grasped every chance to learn how to make good use of my study resource. With the improving on basic reading and calculating skills, I succeeded in the College Entrance Exam.
Only then did I realize how important it was to make a full preparation.
 
评分标准:
 
(二)评分方法:
 1、结构正确,用给定的英语单词完整表达所给的汉语信息,给满分;
 2、未用给定单词不给分;
 3、结构不正确不给分;
 4、结构正确,信息完整,但有一个或一个以上拼写错误扣0.5分; 本文来自中学资源网
 5、结构正确,信息不准确,扣0.5分;
 6、同一位置的错误不另扣分;
 7、大小写错误不扣分。
(三)细化标准:
71. 标准答案:to have broken
1) 未用动词完成时的0分   2) 过去分词broken错误扣0.5分  3)多副词扣0.5分
72. 标准答案:(that) I became / was aware of
    1) 未用定语从句 0分 2) 时态用法错误扣1分    3)词组使用错误扣1分
73. 标准答案:Having congratulated him on//After I congratulated him on
     1) 结构错误 0分    2) 无介词on扣0.5分
74. 标准答案:a friend accompanying   
     1) 语序错误0分     2) 未用-ing形式 0分       3)后加介词扣0.5分 中学资源网,完全免费的中学资源网站
75. 标准答案:made / has made it impossible
1) 没用it复合结构0分   2) 时态错误扣1分
76. 标准答案:That the student has adjusted (himself) to
1)没使用主语从句的 0分   2)连词that错误0分    3)时态错误扣1分
77. 标准答案:Every time //Each time I returned/came back
 1)连词使用错误 0分     2)时态错误扣1分
78. 标准答案:flows a river
1) 语序结构错误 0分     2) 时态错误扣1分
79. 标准答案:would have joined us in
1) 没用完成时的0分      2) would 错误扣1分         3)缺介词in扣0.5分
80. 标准答案:It was by sorting out
1) 没使用强调句型 0分      2) 时态错误扣1分        3)介词错误扣1分
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二、短文写作评分标准(满分30分)
(一)评分原则
1. 本题总分为30分,按5个档次给分。
2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。由于本次写作内容已明确给出,因此评分档次的确定应侧重于语言的表达。
3. 词数不少于于120字,字数低于120从总分中减去2分。
4. 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。
5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。
6. 如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。
 第四档(好):(19-24分)表达基本清楚,缺少个别要点,有些语法错误。完成了试题规定的任务。
  --覆盖主要内容。
  --应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
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  --语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。
  --应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。
达到了预期的写作目的。
第三档(适当):(13-18分)尚能表达,缺少多个要点,语法错误较多。
基本完成了试题规定的任务。
  --基本覆盖主要内容。
  --应用的语法结构或词汇能基本满足任务的要求。
  --有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。
  --应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。
整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。
第二档(较差):(7-12分)表达含糊不清,不能成篇。未恰当完成试题规定的任务。
  --漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。
  --语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 中学资源网,完全免费的中学资源网站
  --有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。
  --较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。
信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
第一档(差):(1-6分)动了笔,仅罗列了不成句的单词。
未完成试题规定的任务。
--明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。
--语言支离破碎,有很多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。
--缺乏语句间的连接万分,结构紊乱,内容不连贯。
信息未能传达给读者。
0分
未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关。照抄阅读理解的。
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部分答案解析
B篇
周围环境不像你想象的那样糟糕。所以,放飞孩子,让他们骑上自行车自由驰骋吧!
55. A。段落大意题。第一段主要介绍了骑自行车给孩子带来的好处。
56. D。细节理解题。根据第三段的Surveys indicate parents fear that if they allow their children to roam freely about the town, those children may be abducted by strangers可知,造成孩子不骑自行车的主要原因是父母担心孩子骑车不安全,可能会被陌生人诱拐。
57. C。句意理解题。根据本段提到的数字可知这句话主要向父母说明孩子遭到诱拐的可能性很小。
58. B。写作意图题。根据末段最后几句话可知,本文的主要目的是鼓励父母应该让孩子们骑车出去玩。

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